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Wood Floor Framing Basics

They make up the support for the floor of the home and the platform that the wall panels will attach to. Footings should be deep enough to avoid frost action in winter.


Platform_framing_diagram Framing Construction Wood Frame Construction House Outline

• decking is 2” to 4” thick and loaded in the weak axis of bending for a roof, floor, or wall surface.

Wood floor framing basics. Floor joists are typically 2 by 8s, 2 by 10s, or 2 by 12s; Fireblocking& draftstopping refined learning outcomes will be itemized within each module. Floor joists are covered with subflooring (usually made of plywood).

Whether the beam is wood or steel, make sure it aligns from end to end and side to side. A floor truss consists of 2×4 or 2×3 lumber connected with metal plates. Mat 100 learning outcomes continued (see slide).

Conventional wood framing and all special design and construction requirements must be. The basic components and assemblies of conventional wood frame. This can be a little confusing if you are looking at only one level of framing, but when the various levels are stacked, as a structure is, then it becomes clear.

Regardless of the type of structural element to analyze, the designer must first determine nominal design loads. Studs are attached to plates, and studs and plates combined form a wall panel. Ceiling joists are usually 2 by 6s or sometimes 2 by 4s if it is an older home.

These are horizontal framing components that run the length of the floor. The hold downs for the shear walls in the story between the roof and floor below would be shown at the floor framing of the story below, where they are actually placed. The beam and headers in the floor system are framed with lvls, another type of engineered lumber.

Plates on concrete floors must be treated unless there is a. There are a number of. Based on the type of soil and wood frame loads, a suitable foundation is specified for construction.

•studs, plates, headers, rafters, girders, flooring and joists are all terms used to identify different components in framing. A floor’s framework is made up mostly of wooden joists that run parallel to one another at regular intervals. Also make sure the length of the bearing post under the girder is correct to ensure the girder is properly supported.

Placing posts and girders posts must be cut to length and set up before the girders can be installed. Few, if any, materials can compete with wood framing in the. On any wall panel or framing piece, the beams that run horizontal at the very top and bottom of the frame are called plates.

•framing is the process of connecting building materials together to create a structure. The loads acting on a framing member or system are usually calculated in accordance with the applicable provisions of the locally approved building code and engineering standards. Floor, roof/ceiling, wall framing 4.

The ground needs to be sufficiently compacted if the structure is constructed in an area where root trees have been removed or filled materials are placed. Lvl stands for laminated veneer lumber and is made like plywood, with thin sheets of veneer glued together, except that in lvls all the wood grain is oriented in the same direction, resulting in much higher strength than if the beam was plywood, which has half of the. At the top of a wall panel you have a top plate, and at the bottom you’ll have a bottom plate.

Framing is a construction system. It offers a new alternative in prefabrication and field assembly methods without basic departures from established The drawing below identifies some typical framing components such as rafters, studs, joists, and headers.

Wall bracing, introduction to wood frame construction manual 5.

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